Acid reflux occurs when a muscle in the esophagus fails to close fully, allowing stomach acid to flow up and creating the feeling we call "heartburn."
An anal fissure is a tiny laceration in the tissues around the anus, causing discomfort when sitting, painful bowel movements, and blood in the stool.
Iron deficiency anemia is a disorder in which the red cells in the blood are unable to move adequate oxygen through the body due to a lack of iron.
Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which the cells in the esophagus morph to resemble those in the small bowel as a result of chronic acid reflux.
A biliary tract obstruction is a clog or blockage in the biliary system, hindering the body's ability to transport bile needed to digest food.
C. Difficile Colitis
C. difficile colitis is an inflammatory colon condition caused by a bacteria known as clostridium difficile. Its symptoms can be minor or severe.
Celiac disease is an immune system disorder that triggers uncomfortable gastrointestinal symptoms when you consume products containing gluten.
Colitis (inflammation along the lining of the colon) can stem from many issues, including intestinal infection, allergies, or Crohn's disease.
Colorectal polyps are small clumps of cells that can grow in the rectum or other parts of the colon. Often benign, they can become cancerous in time.
Colon cancer is the secon-leading colon cancer detected in both men and women but is also preventable with tools such as colon cancer screenings.
Crohn's disease is an inflammatory colon condition that can cause further health complications. It is normally addressed with medication or surgery.
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) triggers repeated bouts of vomiting in which you may throw up anywhere from six to 20 times before the episode ends.
Diverticulitis is a potential consequence of diverticulosis, developing when the pouches pushing from the intestine become swollen or infected.
Diverticulosis is a disease in which small pockets of the large intestine bulge out through the bowel lining, exposing them to the risk of infection.
Dysphagia is the inability to swallow comfortably (or at all in severe cases), usually due to pain, muscle problems, or other issues in the esophagus.
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) refers to when the esophagus becomes inflamed due to a buildup of white blood cells, causing pain and problems eating.
Esophageal Motility Disorder
Esophageal motility disorder is a broad term for various problems that make it more difficult to swallow food or take medications by mouth.
Esophagitis is a label for irritation or swelling in the esophagus, the tube-shaped organ that moves food and drinks from the mouth to the stomach.
Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease is an illness characterized by a buildup of fat cells in the liver, causing swelling, damage, and impairment of the organ.
A fistula is an irregular tunnel connecting two hollow organs in the body, forming from disease, bodily injury, or as part of a medical treatment.
Food intolerance is when the GI system has issues breaking down particular foods, leading to a range of GI symptoms when those items are eaten.
Gallbladder disease is a term covering a list of issues that can disturb the gallbladder, including cholecystitis, gallstones, and biliary dyskinesia.
Gastritis is the occurrence of inflammation or erosion in the lining of the stomach, raising the risk of ulcers or stomach cancer in patients.
GERD is a condition marked by frequently recurring bouts of acid reflux, inflicting damage to the esophagus and impacting your health over time.
Helicobacter pylori is a microbe known to infect the stomach, leading to ulcers and stomach cancer if it isn't addressed with antibiotic treatments.
Hemorrhoids are swollen bumps that can develop around the anus due to inflamed blood vessels. They can cause bleeding and pain but are treatable.
Hepatitis is a collection of diseases that are associated with swelling in the liver, with the most frequent variations being hepatitis A, B, and C.
A hiatal hernia occurs when part of the stomach begins to bulge out through the hiatus (a small hole in the diaphragm), leading to painful symptoms.
Ileitis is an inflammatory condition that affects the ileum, the part of the GI tract where the small intestine joins with the large intestine.
An impacted bowel (fecal impaction) occurs when a hard lump of stool becomes lodged in the intestine, blocking waste and causing pain and bloating.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to several known conditions that cause inflammation in the GI tract, often due to an immune system issue.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
IBS is a chronic disease that can hinder your body's ability to digest certain foods, but it's manageable with lifestyle changes and medications.
Usually linked with yellowing in the skin and eyes, jaundice is a disease that causes bloating, vomiting, abdominal pain, and other GI symptoms.
Lactose intolerance is a disorder that affects the body's ability to produce the enzyme lactase, impairing your ability to digest foods with lactose.
Liver cirrhosis refers to scarring in the liver, which may occur from disease or alcoholism. Cirrhosis is often treatable if addressed early.
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a form of fatty liver disease, which is caused by fat cells accumulating in the liver and inflicting damage.
Pancreatitis, a disorder marked by swelling and irritation of the pancreas, can cause numerous symptoms, including abdominal pain, fever, and nausea.
Peptic ulcers are open wounds that form in the stomach or upper small bowel, allowing acid to eat at the tissues and causing pain and bleeding.
Primary Biliary Cholangitis
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is an uncommon and chronic form of liver disease that can scar the bile ducts, damaging the liver over time.
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a liver disorder that scars the bile ducts both inside and outside the organ, causing lasting damage to your health.
A form of IBD, ulcerative colitis consists of painful inflammation in the colon's inner wall, but it can be relieved with proper lifestyle changes.